16th International Conference on Metallurgy and Materials took place May 22nd - 24th 2007 in Hradec nad Moravicí and it had 5 Symposia again. There were reported two papers in the plenary session: W. Faul from Kompetenzzentrum Neue Materialien Bayreuth GmbH, Bayreuth, Germany (EU), discussed about advanced materials of 21st century and J. Raab from The Steel Federation, Inc, Prague, Czech Republic (EU), about actual situation in czech steel industry. The participants had possibility to listen to another 152 papers. The number of participants was 177. There was 137 participants from Czech Republic. There was participants from abroad: Russia (6), Mexico (3), Romania (3), France (1), Slovenia (18), Germany (3), Ukraine (4), Netherlands (1) and Croatia (1).